Coal dust explosion suppressed in test facility
BMT WBM and SkillPro Services have announced that they have successfully suppressed a coal dust explosion using their Active Barrier prototype system in the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research’s experimental tunnel in Kloppersbos, South Africa.
Claiming a world first, the duo claim that their system could play an integral role in enhancing the future safety of coal miners.
Historically, coal dust explosions have been the number one cause of fatalities within underground coal mines and even today, despite the use of various passive countermeasures, these explosions cause many deaths worldwide.
David Proud, business development manager for BMT WBM’s machinery group said: “Using a sensor to detect the approaching coal dust deflagration, the Active Barrier system successfully injected 120 litres of water within 250 milliseconds in order to suppress the explosion, as was predicted by our computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling. This is a ground breaking development, one which could help to mitigate the risks of coal dust explosions occurring in underground coal mines.”
BMT WBM and SkillPro say they have been involved in this R&D project for several years with the financial support of the Australian coal industry research body, ACARP.
BMT WBM has been modelling the physics and chemistry involved in the entrainment, devolatilisation and combustion of the coal dust particles and the injection and vaporisation of the suppressant. CFD was also used to simulate a range of designs for the prototype suppression device, in order to arrive at a practical and reliable experimental unit.
SkillPro designed the final test apparatus and managed the test programme.